A game of ball which is generally played in England and the British

provinces, but which is not very popular in the United States. There

are two opposite sides or sets of players of eleven men each. At two

points 22 yards apart are placed two wickets 27 inches high and

consisting of three sticks called stumps. As in baseball, one side

takes the field and the other side is at the bat. Two men are at bat

at a time and it is their object to prevent the balls from being

bowled so that they will strike the wickets. To do this a broad bat is

used made of willow with a cane handle, through which are inserted

strips of rubber to give greater spring and driving power. The batsman

will either merely stop the ball with his bat or will attempt to drive

it. When the ball is being fielded the two batsmen exchange wickets,

and each exchange is counted as a run, and is marked to the credit of

the batsman or striker. The batsman is allowed to bat until he is out.

This occurs when the ball strikes the wicket and carries away either a

bail, the top piece, or a stump, one of the three sticks. He is also

out if he knocks down any part of his own wicket or allows the ball to

do it while he is running, or if he interferes with the ball by any

part of his person as it is being thrown, or if one of the opposing

players catches a batted ball before it touches the ground, as in


When ten of the eleven men on a side have been put out it constitutes

an inning, and the side in the field takes its turn at the bat. The

game usually consists of two innings, and at its completion the side

having scored the greater number of runs is the winner. The eleven

positions on a cricket team are called bowler, wicket-keeper, long

stop, slip, point cover-slip, cover-point, mid-off, long-leg,

square-leg, mid-on. The one at bat is, as in baseball, called the

batsman. The two lines between which the batsmen stand while batting

are called "popping creases" and "bowling creases."

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