Source: Games For The Playground, Home, School And Gymnasium
Category: BALL GAMES
_2 to 30 players._
This game consists in keeping a large ball in motion back and forth
across a high net by striking it with the open palm. The ball must not
be allowed to touch the floor.
For large teams this game should be played on a ground
measuring fifty feet long and twenty-five feet wide. For smaller teams
a smaller ground will answer.
A tennis net, or net two feet wide, preferably the latter, is
stretched across the center of the ground, from side to side,
extending one or two feet beyond the boundaries on either side. The
upper edge should be from six feet six inches to seven feet six inches
above the ground.
Any number of players up to thirty may play. The players are
evenly divided into two parties, which scatter over their respective
courts without special arrangement. There is a captain for each side.
An umpire is desirable.
OBJECT OF THE GAME
The object of the game for each party is to keep
the ball in lively play toward its opponents' court, as each party
scores only on its opponents' failures to return the ball or keep it
in the air.
The ball is put in play by being served by the party which is to
score. The service of the ball, and with it the privilege of scoring,
pass to the opponents according to the rules described hereinafter.
START; RULES FOR SERVICE
The ball is put in play by being served by
a member of one side, who should stand at the rear of his court with
one foot on the rear boundary line and the other behind the line. From
this position the ball is tossed upward lightly from one hand and
batted with the palm of the other hand toward or into the opponents'
Each server has two trials in which to send the ball into the
opponents' court. The service being over a long course with a
comparatively heavy ball, the following privileges are allowed: a
served ball may be assisted on its course by any two other players on
the server's side; no player so assisting the ball on the serve may
strike it more than twice in succession, and the server under such
circumstances may not strike it more than once; but should the ball
then fail to land in the opponents' court, the server loses his
In serving, the ball must be batted at least ten feet by the server
before being touched by any other player on his side.
No "dribbling" is allowed in serving.
A successful server continues serving until his side allows the ball
to touch the floor, knocks it out of bounds, or fails to return it to
the opponents. A server may also lose as follows:
If a returned ball hits a player on the server's side and bounces into
the opponents' court, it is considered in play. If it hits such a
player and does not bounce into the opponents' court, the server is
out, losing his second trial.
If the ball hits the net during service, it is counted a dead ball and
loses the server one of his trials.
If a served ball falls outside the opponents' court, the server loses
The players on a side take turns in serving.
RULES OF PLAY
The ball must always be batted with the open palm. The
ball should be returned by the opponents before it can strike the
ground. Any number of players may strike the ball to send it across
the net, but no player may strike more than twice in succession.
Having struck the ball twice, a player may resume his play only after
some other player has struck it. The ball is thus volleyed back and
forth across the net until one side fails to return it or allows it to
touch the floor, or until it goes out of bounds. A ball is put out of
play by hitting the net in returning after a serve. A ball which
bounds back into the court after striking any other object except the
floor or ceiling is still in play. It is permissible to strike the
ball with both hands at once (open palms).
If a player touches the net at any time, the ball is thereby put out
of play. Should this player be on the serving side, his side loses the
ball and it goes to the opponents. Should this player be on the
receiving side, the serving side scores one point. Should the net be
touched simultaneously by opponents, the ball is thereby put out of
play and the serving side serves again.
No dribbling is allowed at any time through the game; _i.e._ no
keeping the ball in the air by one player hitting it quickly and
In sending the ball across the net, players should aim for an
unprotected part of the opponents' court, or try in other ways to
place them at a disadvantage.
This is entirely a defensive game, the score being made on
opponents' fouls and failures. Aside from fouls, only the serving side
scores. A good serve unreturned scores one point for the serving side.
A point is similarly scored by the serving side at any time when the
opponents fail to return a ball which is in play. Failure of the
serving side to return a ball to the opponents' court merely puts them
out; that is, the serve passes to the opponents, but no score is made
on the failure. Should a player touching the net be on the receiving
side, the serving side scores one point. A ball sent under the net is
out of play and counts against the side which last struck it, their
opponents scoring one point. If the ball strikes any object outside
the court and bounds back, although it is still in play, it counts
against the side which struck it out, their opponents scoring one
point. A ball sent out of bounds by the receiving side in returning a
service scores one point for the serving side. One point is scored for
the opponents whenever a player catches the ball, or holds it for even
an instant. The game consists of twenty-one points.
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